THE IMPORTANCE OF TAHAJJUD PRAYERS
Among the most virtuous Nafl (voluntary prayers)is The Tahajjud Prayer or Qiyamulail. It is part of the established Sunnah of The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him).
Ordering The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) to perform Tahajjud, Allah Almighty says:
“And during a part of the night, pray Tahajjud beyond what is incumbent on you; maybe your Lord will raise you to a position of great glory.” (Qur’an: Al-Isra’ 17:79)This order, although it was specifically directed to The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) also encourages all Muslims to practice it. Moreover, performing the Tahajjud Prayers regularly qualifies one as one of the righteous and makes one earn Allah’s bounty and mercy. In praising those who perform the late night Prayers, Allah says:
“And they who pass the night prostrating themselves before their Lord and standing” (Qur’an Al-Furqan 25:64)
There are a number of Ahadeeth that reinforce the importance of Tahajjud.
`Abdullah ibn Salam reported:
“When the Prophet SAW came to Madinah, the people gathered around him and I was one of them. I looked at his face and understood that it was not the face of a liar. The first words I heard him say were: ‘O people, extend the salutations, feed the people, keep the ties of kinship, and pray during the night while the others sleep, and you will enter Paradise in peace.’” (At-Tirmidzi)
Salman Al-Farsi (RA) quoted the Prophet SAW as saying:
“Observe the night Prayer; it was the practice of the righteous before you and it brings you closer to your Lord and it is penance for evil deeds and erases the sins and repels disease from the body.”(At-Tabarani)
ETIQUETTE OF PRAYER
Although it can be performed before sleeping it is highly recommended to read it in the latter part of the night, just before the time of Fajr Salaah sets in. Upon going to sleep, one should make the intention to perform the Prayers. Abu Ad-Darda’ quoted The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him as saying:
“Whoever goes to his bed with the intention of getting up and praying during the night, but, being overcome by sleep, fails to do that, he will have recorded for him what he has intended, and his sleep will be reckoned as a charity (an act of mercy) for him from his Lord.” (An-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah)
On waking up, it is recommended that one wipes the face, use a miswaak (toothbrush), and look to the sky and make the supplication which has been reported from The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him.
Abu Huzaifah (RA)reported:
“Whenever the Prophet intended to go to bed, he would recite: “With Your name, O Allah, I die and I live.” And when he woke up from his sleep, he would say: “All the Praises are for Allah Who has made us alive after He made us die (sleep) and unto Him is the Resurrection.” (Hadith -Al-Bukhari)
“When The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him ) prayed during the late-night, he would begin his Prayers with two quick raka’ats.” (Hadith-Muslim)
The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) used to often recite long rakaats of Tahajjud Salaah. Narrated by Al-Mughira(RA):
“The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) used to stand (in the prayer) or pray till both his feet or legs swelled. He was asked why (he offered such an unbearable prayer) and he said, “should I not be a thankful slave.”(Hadith-Bukhari)
It is recommended that one wakes up one’s family, for Abu Hurairah(RA) quoted The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) as saying:
“May Allah bless the man who gets up during the night to pray and wakes up his wife and who, if she refuses to get up, sprinkles water on her face. And may Allah bless the woman who gets up during the night to pray and wakes up her husband and who, if he refuses, sprinkles water on his face.” (Hadith-Ahmad)
The Prophet SAW also said:
“If a man wakes his wife and prays during the night or they pray two raka’ats together, they will be recorded among those (men and women) who (constantly) make remembrance of Allah.” (Hadith-Abu Dawud)
If one gets sleepy while performing Tahajjud, one should sleep. This is based on the hadith narrated by `Aishah RA, who quoted The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) as saying:
“When one of you gets up during the night for Prayer and his Qur’anic recital gets mixed up to the extent that he does not know what he says, he should lie down.” (Hadith-Muslim)
Recommended Time for Tahajjud
Tahajjud may be performed in the early part of the night, the middle part of the night, or the latter part of the night, but after the obligatory `Esha’ Prayer (night Prayer).
While describing The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)way of performing Prayer, Anas RA said:
“If we wanted to see him praying during the night, we could see him praying. If we wanted to see him sleeping during the night, we could see him sleeping. And sometimes he would fast for so many days that we thought he would not leave fasting throughout that month. And sometimes he would not fast (for so many days) that we thought he would not fast during that month.” (Hadith-Al-Bukhari, Ahmad and An-Nasa’i)
Commenting on this subject, Ibn Hajar(RA) says:
“There was no specific time in which The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)would perform his late night Prayer; but he used to do whatever was easiest for him.”
It is best to delay this Prayer to the last third portion of the night. Abu Hurairah RA quoted the Messenger of Allah SAW as saying:
“Our Lord descends to the lowest heaven during the last third of the night, inquiring: ‘Who will call on Me so that I may respond to him? Who is asking something of Me so I may give it to him? Who is asking for My forgiveness so I may forgive him?’” (Al-Bukhari)
`Amr ibn `Absah RA reported that he heard The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) saying:
“The closest that a servant comes to his Lord is during the middle of the latter portion of the night. If you can be among those who remember Allah the Exalted One at that time, then do so.” (At-Tirmidzi)
The Number of Raka’ats in Tahajjud
Tahajjud Prayer does not entail a specific number of raka’ats that must be performed, nor is there any maximum limit that may be performed. But atleast two rakaats should be performed. Samurah ibn Jundub RA said:
“The Messenger of Allah ordered us to pray during the night, a little or a lot, and to make the last of the Prayer the Witir Prayer.” (At-Tabarani and Al-Bazzar)
THE IMPORTANCE OF SADAQATUL-FITR
Sadaqatul fitr is compulsory charity which becomes payable on the occasion of Eid-ul-Fitr.
The Noble Messenger of Allah ( Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam) said:
“The fast remains suspended between Heaven and Earth until the fitrah is paid.”
Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam made charity of Fitr compulsory as a purification of fasts from useless talks and vile discourses and also as food to the poor (Hadith-Abû Dawûd).
Fitr means to break fast or to refrain from fasting. Hence the Eid after the fasts of Ramadhân is called Eid-ul-Fitr, as it is the day of rejoicing after the completion of fasting. On this occasion of happiness, as a sign of gratitude one has to give a specific amount in aims, which is called Sad’qatui-Fitr. To purify and obtain complete blessings for the fasts of Ramadhân Mubârak one has to give Sadaqatul-Fitr.Thus it is wâjib to give Sadaqatul-Fitr to purify one’s fast. The true object in giving Sadqatul-fitr on this happy, occasion is also to assist the poor and needy, so that, they may rejoice with the more fortunate.
Sadaqatul Fitr (or fitrah) is wâjib upon all Muslims -male, female and children fitrah should preferably be paid before the Eid Salâh.
It is not permissible to delay the payment of fitrah later than the Day of Eid.
What amount Should be paid
The amount of Sadqatul Fitr is 1.633kg of wheat or 3.266kg of barley or the equivalent in cash. Please consult your local Islamic Scholars for the exact amount.
It is highly recommended that this amount is paid in advance so that the contributions could be used for the benefit of the poor on Eid day.